International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established in 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations. The ICJ is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, and it is the only one not located in New York. Rather, the ICJ is located at the Peace Palace in The Hague in the Netherlands. The Court’s mandated role is to settle legal disputes and give advisory legal opinions regarding cases submitted by Member-States, in accordance with international law. The Court is composed of 15 judges who serve nine-year terms and are elected by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. In recent years the court has worked on a number of high profile international cases such as the Jadhav case (India v. Pakistan) and the Certain Iranian Assets case (Iran v. United States).
1. Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean
2. Interpretation and Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
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